Put simply, biodiversity is the variety of all life forms. Shortened from the original term of ‘Biological Diversity’, it includes all living species, the genes they possess and the ecosystems and landscapes that make up our living world. Biodiversity is both our store of natural capital and a major contributor to ecosystem services - it provides all of our food sources, the clean air we breathe and fresh water we drink, biological pest control, inputs to soil fertility and structure.


Vegetation Communities

A vegetation or ecological community is a group of species that occur together in a particular area of the landscape. Vegetation communities serve many ecological roles including habitat provision, contributing to ecosystem processes and facilitating links between habitat patches across the landscape. Of the 30, 600ha of land within Liverpool LGA, approximately 10, 672ha of the LGA is covered by known native vegetation communities.

Threatened species, populations and ecological communities

Threatened species, populations and ecological communities are those that are listed under Schedules of the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.  They are species, populations and ecological communities that are considered to be at risk of extinction in the immediate to medium-term future in NSW. Together these schedules are described as 'threatened'.

Threatened Flora

There are 29 Threatened flora species recorded in the Liverpool LGA.

Threatened Fauna

There are 52 threatened fauna species recorded within Liverpool LGA.

Endangered Populations

A population means a group of organisms, all of the same species, occupying a particular area. There are 2 endangered flora populations within the Liverpool LGA: Dillwynia tenuifolia at Kemps Creek, in the northwest of the Liverpool LGA and Marsdenia viridiflora R. Br. Subsp. Viridiflora in Bankstown, Blacktown, Camden, Campbelltown, Fairfield, Holroyd, Liverpool and Penrith LGA’s.
There are no endangered fauna populations listed for the Liverpool LGA.

Threatened Ecological Communities

There are 10 vegetation communities within the LGA listed as vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered under either or both the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.  These threatened ecological communities represent 56% of the remaining native vegetation present within the Liverpool LGA, an area of approximately 5, 994 ha.

Migratory Species

The Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 lists species protected under a range of international conventions and agreements, primarily migratory bird species. There are 16 migratory bird species listed as being recorded within Liverpool.

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